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Launch of the GEDI Census briefing series

June 27, 2024

Issue 1 of the GEDI Census briefing series explores the ethnic diversification and neighbourhood mixing in England and Wales. The analysis uses Census data from 1991 to 2021.

Key findings:

  • England and Wales have become increasingly ethnically mixed and diverse.
  • Ethnic diversity has been increasing within major urban areas, including in London, Birmingham, and Manchester.
  • Diversity has also been growing outside of cities. Neighbourhoods that were not diverse previously are now home to people from several ethnic groups.
  • Districts being characterised as ‘minority-majority’ can instead be thought of as ethnically diverse places. The smaller the proportion of a district’s White British population, the greater the ethnic diversity of that district.
  • Neighbourhood ethnic residential segregation declined for all ethnic groups from 1991 to 2021. This means there is less residential separation between people belonging to different ethnic groups.
  • The largest proportional decline in residential segregation occurred for the Black African group. The Bangladeshi, Black Caribbean and Indian ethnic groups experienced substantial declines. White segregation from minority ethnic groups also decreased.

This briefing is a summary of an open access journal article published in The Geographical Journal: Ethnic diversification and neighbourhood mixing: A rapid response analysis of the 2021 Census of England and Wales.


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